Environmentalists spend a lot of time talking and writing about composting. Here are five valuable reasons why.
1. Composting will reduce landfill waste and incineration, and in turn reduce emissions. Todays waste management methods are environmental tragedies. Waste stays stagnant in landfill sites where the vital oxygen that is needed to facilitate the proper decaying process cannot reach it. Landfill material also releases greenhouse gases that are a factor in climate change: methane gas escapes during the building process. Incineration leaves some toxic ash waste, and the burning process releases a vast amount of carbon dioxide into our already fragile atmosphere.
2. Composting will help reduce our dependence on fossil fuels. Most people purchase compost for their own gardens and potting needs, however in the words of expert composter John Cossham, Home compost is always superior. Commercial methods of composting must use oil-reliant machinery and a rushed method of oxidizing organic matter at a high temperature in order for it to break down quickly. Unfortunately, there is not any fungal decomposition involved in this process. Through the slower and more effective method of composting at home, you can be assured that everything has been broken down by the fungi and bacteria.
3. Composting is beneficial for the land and promoting a healthy earth. Items you compost at home become a thriving habitat and nutritious fodder for your entire population of bacteria, bugs, worms, fungi and creepy crawlies, and what they leave behind is a nourishing fodder for you plants and garden. Methane emitted through a well-managed compost heap at home is actually zero. Composting is natures way of recycling. Using a natural process that still occurs all over our earth to produce rich degraded organic matter, known as humus. Humus then provides channels for air and moisture to get into the soil and other gases to leave like respiration gases from fungi and insects. Soils with organic matter in them allow mycorrhiza fungi to form a network between different plants which provides for the necessary nutrient exchange. Composting is the breakdown of foods and other materials through an organic process. The waste matter becomes as rich as all of the nutrients you place into it, and compost made from a variety of waste materials usually harbors vital micronutrients. Would you like to test this theory? Conduct the following experiment. Pot one plant into garden soil and another plant into garden soil mixed with your compost. What happened? The plant in the partial-compost will thrive and grow more than the purely soil-based one.
4. Composting Will Help You to Watch and Learn About the Natural Cycle of Life and Decay. Environmentalism is typically heavily focused on the idea of waste, because it is such a key issue to the health of the planet. However, waste is a human concept and also a human problem. In nature there is not any waste, as every living thing serves a more important purpose than its own lifespan, and contributes to the growth and health of something else. Its easy to forget this vital fact, but when you delve into composting your own waste you will begin to appreciate the cycle of life which involves decay and new growth in equal measure, and you come to understand the miracle that everything has a place in the world.
5. You Can Compost Everything that has Lived or Grown Recently
All major cities are working towards educating their citizens about the importance of recycling. This was introduced with the understanding that landfill-bound waste could be reduced by up to thirty per cent through instigating composting. However, this figure is dependent on the wide-spread idea and myth that so many types of waste, including certain types of food, cannot be composted, which is false. In fact, you can compost everything that has lived or grown recently. You can compost anything that hadnt fossilized, as well as types of latex rubber such as marigold gloves, hot water bottles, and latex condoms. Cooked foods are said to attract rats, however this can be avoided by placing the compost bin into the ground, ensuring that it has a well-fitted lid, and- if rats really are a problem- burying food waste under a thin layer of the compost that is already in the bin. Most items of decaying food apparently smell bad when they decay, however this can also be remedied by adding more dry materials, e.g. paper, card or twigs.
Composting requires only a small amount of time and resources and it has a huge positive impact on the keeping our earth healthy. It will create excellent new resources. And this is why its the greenest thing you and your family can do for our planet.